Types of Child Support in Thailand

In Thailand, both parents share the financial responsibility of raising their children until they reach adulthood (typically 20 years old). This obligation applies even when parents separate or divorce. Understanding the different types of child support arrangements in Thailand can be crucial for parents navigating this situation.

The Two Main Avenues for Child Support: Agreement or Court Order

There are two primary ways to determine child support in Thailand:

  1. Mutual Consent Agreement: This is the preferred approach, allowing parents to reach an agreement outside of court. The agreement should clearly outline the amount of child support, payment frequency, duration, and how the funds will be used for the child’s needs (education, healthcare, etc.). This agreement should be registered with the district office to make it legally enforceable.

  2. Court-Ordered Child Support: If parents cannot agree on child support terms, the court will step in and determine the amount based on several factors, including:

    • The child’s needs: This considers the child’s age, health, education requirements, and standard of living enjoyed before the separation.
    • Financial capabilities of each parent: The court will assess each parent’s income, earning potential, and existing financial obligations.
    • Living arrangements: If there’s joint custody, the court might consider the proportional share of expenses each parent bears.

Specific Scenarios and Child Support Considerations:

  • Child Support for Divorced Parents: When a divorce involves a child, the non-custodial parent (the parent the child doesn’t primarily live with) is typically ordered to pay child support to the custodial parent.
  • Child Support for Unmarried Couples: In Thailand, unmarried fathers are not automatically obligated to pay child support. However, they can enter into a voluntary agreement with the mother, which becomes enforceable upon registration with the district office.
  • Shared Custody and Child Support: If parents have joint custody with a shared parenting arrangement, the court might order one parent to pay child support to the other depending on the income disparity and the proportional share of expenses each parent bears.

Additional Points to Consider:

  • Enforcement of Child Support: If a parent fails to comply with a court-ordered or agreed-upon child support arrangement, the custodial parent can file an enforcement action with the court.
  • Modification of Child Support: As circumstances change (income fluctuations, increased child’s needs), either parent can petition the court to modify the child support amount. However, such modifications typically require a valid reason and evidence to support the change.
  • Seeking Legal Counsel: Child support issues in Thailand can be complex, especially when dealing with disagreements or navigating the court system. Consulting with a lawyer experienced in Thai family law is highly recommended to ensure your rights and the child’s best interests are protected.


Child support in Thailand plays a vital role in ensuring children receive the financial resources they need for a healthy upbringing. Understanding the options for reaching an agreement or obtaining court-ordered child support empowers parents to fulfill their financial obligations towards their children. Remember, seeking legal guidance can be instrumental in navigating this process effectively.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *